Kongsberg Gruppen is an international technology group that supplies high-technology systems and solutions to customers in the merchant marinedefenceaerospaceoffshore oil and gas industries, and renewable and utilities industries.
In Kongsberg had revenues of NOK 14, billion, and 6, employees in more than 25 countries. In the company changed its name to Kongsberg Gruppen. Kongsberg was listed on the Oslo Stock Exchange in and is a public company. The discovery of silver in the mountains around Kongsberg in meant that the city became an important mineral resource for the Danish Norwegian kingdom. When the Danish-Norwegian union was dissolved about years later there was a need to build up a strong defence that would contribute to independence and security for Norway.
There was a need for a domestic defence industry, and Kongsberg already had expertise after centuries of mining. Kongsberg Silver Mines experienced a recession and as a consequence Kongsberg suffered distress and poverty. There was a need to create new jobs.KV M59F1
In addition Norway was marked by the desire for national independence, and the Weapons factory would make the newly established state self-supplied with weapons. Kongsberg's mining traditions - established over several centuries - provided a good basis for building a knowledge-based business.
Skilled mining engineers were now assigned to develop the new cornerstone company. A number of models were developed and delivered throughout the 19th century. The rifle's mechanism proved to be something quite revolutionary in the arms industry. Three years later the rifle became a world-known concept when the United States decided to equip their soldiers with the rifle. During a six-year period the U. In the weapon was adopted as army rifle for the Norwegian Army.
The weapon was in service until World War II. When the war was over there was a significant decline in military orders. The company therefore used its position and expertise from the defence industry to enter new markets and seek new business opportunities. Production of civilian products such as civil weapons, tools, and parts for the shipping industry and whaling fleet began Other departments made bicycle componentswhile the cannon department made shafts, connecting rods, forgings and whale guns.
Kongsberg launched its first civil products in The products won gold medal at the World Exposition in Barcelona in Production, however, never came up to such numbers as the occupation forces wanted. This was partly due to access to raw materials, but also resistance among factory workers. After the war Kongsberg was designated as one of the major industrial builders in Norway.
The company produced everyday necessities such as pots and pans, and contributed to the development of the defence and maritime industry. The weapons factory was no longer under military command, and inthe Norwegian Parliamentadopted a large-scale modernization and expansion of the company.
At first the company produced drive shaftsand then other components for heavy trucks, busestractors and agricultural machinery. The division was later reorganized into the company Kongsberg Automotive. The years from to the end of the 80s were a time of innovation, development and rapid growth for Kongsberg.
Companies that would later become part of Kongsberg Gruppen, such as Simrad and Norcontrolhowever, had already provided sonar systems and equipment for fishing and merchant marine for decades. The rapid international growth resulted in both new opportunities and challenges. The new focus on establishing a civilian product portfolio changed the shape of the company.
Companies were acquired and the number of employees increased sharply. An international network of offices and factories began to take shape. But the business advancement and progress coincided with national and international unrest, which had a serious impact on the company, as an outcome of so-called Toshiba-Kongsberg scandalafter illegal export to the Soviet Union machine tools banned by Cocom. The outcome was a need to restructure the entire company.The Kammerladeror "chamber loader", was the first Norwegian breech-loading rifleand among the very first breech loaders adopted for use by an armed force anywhere in the world.
A single-shot black-powder rifle, the kammerlader was operated with a crank mounted on the side of the receiver. This made it much quicker and easier to load than the weapons previously used. Kammerladers quickly gained a reputation for being fast and accurate rifles, and would have been a deadly weapon against massed ranks of infantry. The kammerlader was introduced inand it is thought that about 40, were manufactured until about While the first flintlock breech-loading rifles, such as the Fergusonwere launched decades before Norway was among the first European countries to introduce breech loaders on a large scale throughout its army and navy.
The kammerladers were manufactured in several different models, and most models were at some point modified in some way or other. The kammerladers were phased out as more modern rifles were approved for use. They were either modified for rimfire cartridges, sold off to civilians or melted for scrap.
Rifles sold to civilians were often modified for use as shotguns or hunting firearms. Today it is hard to find an unmodified kammerladerand collectors often pay high prices for them.
In the early 19th century, the Norwegian Army decided that the nature of warfare was changing away from the massed ranks firing in volleys towards smaller units advancing and firing independently.
This conclusion was reached after having observed the American Revolutionary Warthe Napoleonic Wars and the short Swedish campaign against Norway in Lessons were also learned from the Gunboat Warwhere small, mobile gunboats outmaneuvered larger, more heavily armed ships.
It was decided that a breech loaded rifle was needed, more accurate than the old smoothbore musketsyet quicker to load than the rifles issued to the Norwegian Jeger and Skijeger units. A special committee was created, and it started considering various firearm actions in It was soon clear that the desired weapon should:.
The end result was that a modern, breech-loading rifle was approved for use on the 18 May In modern terms this means the caliber of the rifle was Fromuntil the Remington M was approved inmore than 40, kammerladers in more than 80 different models were manufactured. In the caliber was reduced again, to four Swedish Linjer or about When some of the Kammerladers were modified to rimfire afterthis meant that the barrels had to be bored out to During a military sharpshooting competition held in Belgium inthe Kammerlader was proven to be among the most accurate military long arms in Europe.
Every breechloader must have some form of mechanism that allows the breech to be opened for loading, yet securely locked for firing. This was even more important in the early designs made before the introduction of the cartridge. A crank mounted on the side of the weapon operates the kammerlader.
Rotating the crank opens the breech of the weapon, allowing for loading. While not as fast as more modern rifles, which use fixed cartridges, the kammerlader was much faster than contemporary muzzleloading rifles. The loading sequence is as follows refer to picture :. The exact rate of firing with the kammerlader depends, as with all manually operated weapons, entirely on the shooter. Most of the rifles were modified during their service life.
The first major modification was the change from a fixed rear sight mounted behind the receiver to an adjustable rear sight mounted in front of it. The first of the adjustable rear sights was a 'flip over' type: an L-shaped piece of metal that was hinged so it could 'flip' over. Later this was again modified to a design known in Norway as a 'ski hill sight'; a simple, yet functional, adjustable tangent sight.
In principle, this latest sight doesn't differ from the iron sights found on most modern firearms. Towards the end of the service life of the kammerladersmost of the small bore rifles were modified to allow the use of rim fire ammunition. In the early days of the rifle most units used round bullets in their weapons, but in it was decided that all units should use the a conical ball instead since this gave better accuracy. The end of the bullet was then covered in melted tallow, before the black powder was filled in behind the bullet and the end wrapped.
After the introduction of the Remington M and its rimfire cartridge inthe Norwegian Army and the Royal Norwegian Navy decided to convert some of the stock of kammerladers into rim fire rifles. There were two designs used for the modification: Landmarks and Lunds.The M67 replaced the M59 in and was produced until the s.
Due to the Krag's propensity to change its point of impact under wet conditions, many shooters preferred to use the Krag for shooting on covered ranges and the M67 for field shooting. Most parts of this rifle, like the M59, were made from former Mauser M98 rifles but fitted with a heavy target barrel, a new oversize target stock, Busk target front and rear peep sight with 0.
From the rifles had an adjustable trigger M75before that they had military M98K triggers. From the rifles had an adjustable UIT target stock. The gun weighed 6, grams and was available in 7. In the. This model had no magazine and was a single-shot rifle. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Type of Bolt Action Repeating Target rifle. Categories : Weapons and ammunition introduced in 7.
While the original pistol was known as the Colt, the designer and copyright owner was John Browning who had licensed manufacturing in the US to Colt. Norway attempted to get licensing through Colt, but discovered European production was through Fabrique Nationale. The pistol would be produced at Kongsberg Vaapenfabrikk in Norway. Four hundred pistols were shipped to Norway for the Royal Norwegian Navy inmore pistols were shipped in for the Norwegian Army.
The serial range was from 1 to Number 2 was stolen from Norwegian Armed Forces Museum in One significant change was now made. The slide-stop was extended down and back to make it easier to operate. This change required a cut-out in the left stock. This change had been suggested inbut did not materialize on the production pistols before in The new version had the left side of the slide stamped " Production went on, and 22, pieces were made beforeincluding the test-run .
During the German occupation of Norway —manufacture of the pistol, given the designation Pistole nwas continued under German control. The Waffenamt acceptance mark WaA84 was added in and only those pistols produced that year were ever Waffenamt-marked. No pistols were produced in and A further 2, pistols were assembled from existing parts after the war until production was halted at serial number in A US dealer supplied commercial frames, slides and barrels as well as other parts that were assembled at Kongsberg.
Previous markings were removed and Kongsberg markings and serials were engraved on the parts before the assembled pistols were returned to the US. Some fakes have appeared.
They are easily discovered, as serial numbers are higher than the last pistol made for the Germans serial There are some models with stamping finished, completed and delivered in and original Kongsberg documentation [ citation needed ].
Some of the most rare are the "Matpakke-Colt" lunch box Colt that were made out of parts smuggled out during World War II by workers and used by resistance forces. These have usually no serial markings or acceptance marks  and the finish is usually not completed. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Type of Pistol. Categories :. Hidden categories: Articles needing additional references from July All articles needing additional references Articles with short description All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from January CS1 Norwegian-language sources no Commons category link is on Wikidata.
Namespaces Article Talk.Although they were produced by Kongsberg it was always called a "Mauser" in Norway, hence its listing under Mauser. Most of the rifles were re-barrelled to.
The Mauser rifles were available and very well suited to conversion into target rifles for use by the Norwegian DFS. The M59F1 served first as a sniper rifle for the regular armed forces. The picture shows a civilian M Old markings were removed, and the front receiver bridge was opened to accommodate loading of the somewhat longer compared to the 7. This is also found on the M59 rifles which were re-chambered to the 7. On the civilian version, only the extractor claw was blued, while the rest of the bolt was polished, while on the army issue M59F1, the whole bolt was blued.
The magazine follower on the 98k would lock the bolt's forward motion on an empty magazine. This feature was retained on the M The half-length cleaning rod was screwed into the fore-end. Two to three of these were required to assemble a rod of sufficient length:. A civilian M59 top in. Note the blued bolt and absence of the cut-out in the front receiver bridge on the M59F1.
Note also the different markings on the front receiver bridge. The M59 was redesigned inhence the M67, and was made using a captured World War II German M98 action, fitted with a heavy target stock and barrel. It was usually fitted with Busk diopter sights. It was chambered in 6.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The references in this article are unclear because of a lack of inline citations. Help Wikipedia improve by adding precise citations! November Learn how and when to remove this template message. Norwegian service rifles. Categories : 7. Hidden categories: Articles with short description Articles lacking in-text citations from November All articles lacking in-text citations.
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